Dental implant surgery is, of course, surgery, and is best performed by a trained surgeon. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon has the highest specialized education and training in the complexities of the bone, nerves, and other vital anatomy involved, to ensure you get the best possible results. A 2014 study suggests greater implant success rates when performed by a dental specialist (oral surgeon). A natural tooth consists of a root and a crown. If you compare natural teeth to implant-supported replacement teeth, you’ll see they have the same basic parts. Both have a crown (the visible part used to chew food).